Petrichor- is the earthy scent produced when rain falls on dry soil.
Monsoons’ setting in sure is a wonderful feeling since it offers a respite from the terrible heat and humidity. No more water cuts and shortages. Many people indulge trekking, riding, waterfalls and other such outdoor activities. Some piping hot bhajjiyas(fritters) and a cup of tea (try the herbal or floral variants) or some roasted bhutta(corn) just enhances the amazing weather.
However, along with these upsides, monsoon does have some downsides too. Water stagnation and puddles all around making it a good breeding ground for lots of diseases. Kids too tend to get more prone to getting ill because of the fluctuating temperatures.
Here are some of the common illnesses/ diseases that come with monsoons and corrective/ preventive measures for the same.
This is one of the most common infections that occur during the season. Kids as well as adults are both equally susceptible. The humidity and rains in monsoon make it easier for infections to be carried from one person to another and are especially harmful to those with a weak immunity system.
Viral fever comes with elevated body temperature, runny nose and sore throat. Also body ache and weakness. Typically these infections last from 3-5 days. Here are few home remedies that will help reduce the impact of the symptoms and make you feel better. Needless to say, always consult a doctor for any diagnosis.
- Inhaling steam is the best option for runny or blocked nose . It is generally most effective if a few slices of cabbage with turmeric is boiled in water and the steam of the same is inhaled. Alternatively, even eucalyptus oil (nilgiri) or vicks vaporub is effective too. Additionally these are 5 very easy home remedies to help children for cold.
- Have hot soups with lots of ginger, garlic and vegetables (for vegetarians) and chicken or mutton (for the non vegetarians)
- A simple kadha with tulsi leaves, ginger, ajwain, jaggery, black pepper soothes sore throat as well as provides relief from cold. Here is the detailed recipe.
- Turmeric milk as well as hot water gargles help for sore throat too.
- Since viral attacks most when the immune system is the weakest, take measures to improve the immunity especially for children. Citric foods, ginger, garlic, turmeric, food with vitamin A all help to boost immunity. Additionally sudarshan powder which is made of many herbs also helps. More details here
Besides these certain preventive measures
- Personal hygiene is very important – washing and sanitizing your hands as required.
- Make sure if you rest on the days you have the infection. It helps recover faster and also prevents others from catching it. This is especially relevant for kids- please don’t send them to school. So many other kids are at risk of catching the infection.
Water borne diseases like : Cholera, Typhoid, Hepatitis A, Diarrhoea
Bacteria that are present in contaminated water and food spread these diseases. Click here to know details about the different water borne diseases and symptoms. Here are a few ways that will help in preventing the same.
- Avoiding eating food outside that could have a possibility of being contaminated
- Same with water
- Always boil water or use purifiers even at home
- Keep all food covered from flies , insects etc
- Maintain strict personal hygiene. Wash and sanitize your hands, keep the house and surrounding areas clean.
Vector borne diseases like : Malaria, dengue, haemorrhagic fever
These diseases are caused by insect bites. It is obvious that in monsoons the stagnation of water becomes a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Thus if our surroundings are not clean we are at a risk. These diseases if not treated could even prove fatal. So the most important is to be aware of the symptoms so that it does not go undetected.
In addition, here are a couple of tips to help in their prevention
- If there are areas, where water stagnates around your home, workplace or schools make sure you are aware of them.
- Stagnation of clean water too is a breeding ground for mosquitoes. So make sure your surrounding areas are free from it.
- Use mosquito nets and repellents. These days there are good repellent options available that are also child friendly e.g. patches and wristbands.
- Make sure to wear full-sleeved clothes to minimize areas to get a mosquito bite.
- Always keep your home and surroundings clean and free from garbage to minimize insect breeding.
This generally occurs in the space between toes or in armpits. It is caused due to fungus that gets infested in these moist areas.
Certain precautions that you need to take to avoid this are
- Make sure you are clean and dry at all times.
- Do not wear wet or damp socks. Always carry an extra pair if you go out often and get tour feet wet.
- If caught in unexpected rains try to get yourself dry as soon as possible
- Wet or damp undergarments are a big no no as well.
If you experience peeling, cracking or scaling of skin, itchiness or burning sensation or any unexpected changes in your skin please visit the doctor immediately.
These are some very simple preventive measures and if followed properly the goodness of the monsoons can be enjoyed to the fullest.
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